Over 70 million people in India are diagnosed with diabetes. The number of people with diabetes is rising exponentially, and half of them do not know they have it, leading to life-threatening complications. Many people don’t consider diabetes when they think about the risk. The rising prevalence of diabetes is driven by a combination of factors like our sedentary lifestyles and unhealthy diet. However, much of diabetes can be prevented or delayed with the right knowledge, physical activity and an active lifestyle.
Every year, 14th November is celebrated as World Diabetes Day since 1991 to raise awareness about the devastating effects it has on human lives and healthcare systems worldwide.
1. What is diabetes?
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which a person has high blood glucose either because they are not producing enough insulin or because the body does not respond properly to insulin due to high sugar in blood. Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas that helps glucose (carbohydrate foods are broken down into glucose) to be utilized by body cells to produce energy. This can cause damage to the body and failure of various organs and tissues over the long-term.
There are two main types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes where the body does not produce enough insulin
Type 2 diabetes where the body produces insulin but can’t use it well
2. What are the reasons and outcomes
The reasons for diabetes are:
Lack of exercise
The outcome for diabetes are:
Diabetes if not well-managed can cause blindness, amputation, heart disease, kidney failure and even death.
3.How to spot diabetes warning signs?
Feeling very thirsty
Feeling very hungry—even though you are eating
Cuts/bruises that are slow to heal.
Weight loss—even though you are eating more
Tingling, pain, or numbness in the hands/feet
Feeling tired or fatigued most of the time
Itching and yeast infection
4. What are some facts about diabetes?
-Diabetes is the leading cause of death across the world.
-Sugary foods and drinks don’t cause diabetes. But that doesn’t mean you can consume endless amounts.
-It can raise your risk for gum disease. Type 1 and Type 2 up the risk for cavities, thrush, dry mouth and periodontitis
5. How to prevent diabetes?
Diabetes well-managed isn’t as bad but preventing it is a smarter choice. Here are some things you could do to prevent diabetes.
Cut down sugar and refined carbs from your diet
Inculcate exercise in your daily routine
Drink loads of water
Follow a low-carb diet
Watch portion sizes
Adopt an active lifestyle