Every year, Thrissur Pooram is held at the Vadakkunnathan Temple in Thrissur on the day when the moon rises with the Pooram star in the Malayalam Calendar month of Medam. Thrissur Pooram is the largest and the most famous of all the poorams. Legend has it that, the Maharaja of Kochi, Ramavaram Raja, unified the 10 temples situated around Vadakkunnathan Temple and organised the celebration of Thrissur Pooram as a mass festival.
The flag hoisting ceremony, also known as the Kodiyettam ritual, begins seven days before Thrissur Pooram, where fireworks announce the commencement of the festival.
Sample Vedikettu, which means the display of fireworks, happens on the fourth day after the flag hoisting of the Pooram. The display usually has innovative patterns and a variety of fireworks.
The golden elephant caparison (Nettipattam), elephant accoutrements (Chamayam), ornamental fan made of peacock feathers (Aalavattom), royal fan (Venchamarom), sacred bells and decorative umbrellas are newly prepared by the Thiruvambady and the Paramekkavu Devawsoms separately.
The major event in Thrissur Pooram is ‘Madathil Varavu’, a panchavadhyam melam, which sees participation of more than 200 artists, with instruments such as thimila, madhalam, trumpet, cymbal and edakka. The Pooram has a more than 50 elephants decorated with nettipattam (decorative golden headdress), strikingly crafted Kolam, decorative bells, and ornaments.
Thrissur Pooram’s main fireworks are well renowned all over the country. This enchanting display of fireworks is held in the heart of Thrissur city, in Thekkinkadu Maidan.
The seventh day and the last day of Thrissur Pooram, is also known as ‘Pakal Pooram’. The festival ends with display of fireworks known as Pakal Vedikkettu.